More American Retirees Seek Havens Abroad
New York Times
By Hillary Chura
July 30, 2005
These days, some Americans heading for retirement are as concerned with pesos as pensions, and foreign language classes as Medicare. They are part of an emerging population expecting to spend their retirement abroad.
In January, baby boomers will start hitting 60 at a rate of more than four million a year. More mobile, active and adventuresome than prior generations, these 78 million Americans are rethinking retirement. Many will be lured overseas by a more affordable cost of living and temperate weather. Some will want to return to their native countries or to places where they once worked or studied.
Coreen Plewa and her husband, James, plan to move to Mexico in four years. They say they adore their home in Santa Fe, N.M., but will not be able to make ends meet once Mr. Plewa retires from teaching high school math. The Plewas and about 10 like-minded people have been meeting to discuss moves to Latin America.
"This is not like, 'I've got to get out of this hole,' " said Mrs. Plewa, who believes health care costs in the United States could eat up 40 percent of the couple's estimated $4,000 to $5,000 monthly retirement income. "We think our dime will go further."
In December, Mrs. Plewa, 60, a psychotherapist, and Mr. Plewa, 56, will return to Mexico to research where they might want to live. They have been four or five times already, and they are thinking of renting a home there. They have no children. The Plewas have dabbled on their own in Spanish for several years but began language classes a few weeks ago. They have done Internet research on sites like Mexconnect.com and are reading books, including "The Golden Door to Retirement and Living in Costa Rica" by Christopher Howard (Independent Pub Group, 1995) and "Choose Mexico for Retirement" by John Howells and Don Merwin (Global Pequot, 2005).
"As you get older, you need more help with things, and you can get someone to come in and clean, do your yard work for a more reasonable price," Mrs. Plewa said. "People should not feel like it is an impossibility."
Though out-of-country retirement is not the norm, it is likely to become less of an anomaly, experts say. Many baby boomers have been relocating their entire careers. An estimated four million Americans live abroad, but there is no data on how many are retired, according to the State Department.
"It's tough for Americans on a fixed pension to stay put, so they're looking elsewhere," said Don Nisbet, a financial consultant in Ventura, Calif.
The number of Americans 55 and older is expected to grow from 67 million this year to 97 million by 2020. The demand for foreign homes is also expected to grow during that period. Pulte Homes, the company that built the Sun City retirement villages, is considering planned communities outside the United States, said Jim Zeumer, vice president for corporate communications. He said some retirees had expressed interest in having homes in the United States and abroad.
Mexico, Costa Rica and Panama are common retirement havens, but Nicaragua, Honduras, Ecuador and English-speaking Belize are making a push to attract retirees. Various countries in Europe are also viable alternatives, but current exchange rates make them less attractive for those with limited resources.
John Briley, senior managing editor for iJET Intelligent Risk Systems, which monitors security around the world, warned that retirees should consider issues like racism, police corruption, organized crime, drug trafficking and terrorism as well as strength of banks, financial institutions and governments before they pack up.
"Things will change over time, but look for stability of the government and the stability of the country," he said. "For anything you gain, you have to give up something."
Many American cities have seen tremendous real estate appreciation. But because home prices have risen more or less universally, pensioners may not be able to buy elsewhere in the United States and live off their gains. There are relatively less expensive places to relocate in the United States, but they often lack the attractions and amenities that retirees crave. (Reverse mortgages are one alternative, They are a type of loan whereby homeowners, typically older ones, take equity out of their property without selling it. Heirs repay the loan when the owner dies or no longer lives in the home. But many elderly owners fear losing their homes and thus are unwilling to take the risk.)
With "the decline of the stock market, the collapse of pension plans, real estate and housing are really where most people's wealth lies," said Daniel J. Kadlec, who wrote "The Power Years: A User's Guide to the Rest of Your Life" with Ken Dychtwald (Wiley, 2005), which discusses baby boomer retirement. "As real estate has gotten more expensive in the U.S., people are looking for that next great nirvana."
Original article at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/30/business/30retire.html